Ethyl alcohol (or ethanol) is a solvent that dissolves other cleaning product additives, such as fragrances. It is also used as an antimicrobial additive in some hard surface cleaners to kill or inhibit growth of disease- and odor-causing microbes.
Water, also sometimes listed on product labels as aqua, is the most widely used of all solvents. It is a colorless, odorless and flavorless liquid and serves as the base of many cleaning products.
Propane is an organic substance with a low boiling point, which is used as an aerosol propellant.
d-Limonene is a member of a class of chemicals called terpenes, and is obtained from the rinds of citrus fruits. It is used as a fragrance component and as a solvent in cleaning products, to help dissolve stains and soils.
C11-15 Alcohols Ethoxylated 9EO
C11-15 alcohols ethoxylated 9EO are surfactants or cleaning agents that have strong grease-cutting abilities.
o-Phenylphenol is a preservative, a class of ingredients used to help prevent products from deteriorating over time, maximizing their shelf-life and ensuring efficacy and safety. They work by inhibiting growth of bacteria or mold, or by absorbing oxygen that can oxidize ingredients.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda or lye, is used as a pH adjuster in cleaning products. As an alkali, it is useful in cleaning products for removing soils that are fatty, oily or acidic.
Sodium nitrite is a corrosion inhibitor added to aerosol products to protect the can from rusting, or to detergents to protect metal components of washing machines and automatic dishwashers from rusting.